JBC Strategies for business
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By Geographic Region
By Practice Area

 

 

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Our Experience by Geographic Region

JBC International provides strategic advice to businesses and governments around the globe. Our projects have spanned countless countries in 4 continents, and our staff of professionals is knowledgeable about the intricacies of international commerce as they pertain to any location on the map.

Asia

Emerging Market Development - India
JBC International actively executes emerging market development studies and trainings worldwide. These activities can be conducted in collaboration with government entities, industry trade associations, and private sector organizations. As an example, after procuring a grant from the United States Department of Agriculture, JBC International executed a comprehensive market access study in India on behalf of an agriculture trade association. This study included an in-depth investigation conducted in the United States and during a three week research trip throughout India to analyze systems relating to trade policy, regulatory control and enforcement, market segmentation and demand, local production trends, and supply chain/distribution channel management. This project’s overarching objective has been the creation of a blueprint strategy for U.S. stakeholder entry into the emerging Indian market.
Russian Federation Customs Development Project – Streamlining and Design of New Customs Control and Clearance Process
JBC is currently developing a new customs control and clearance process for the Russia Federation’s Federal Customs Service. The project is being funded by the World Bank and serves as a focal point for a comprehensive, $140 million customs modernization initiative. The customs control and clearance process provides the backbone for the entire customs process by creating the framework for expedited goods entry/exit and heightened security through the administration of internationally recommended risk management techniques.
Russian Federation Customs Development Project – Development of Staff Training and Distance Learning Materials for FCS
JBC is designing and implementing a distance learning program for the Russian Federation’s Federal Customs Service (FCS) as part of a $140 million loan from the World Bank that supports a comprehensive customs modernization. JBC is carrying out this project by developing curricula, training materials, manuals, and methodologies. A newly adopted customs code in Russia calls for compliance with international practices so as to speed the processing of goods, increase compliance, and ensure equality and predictability in customs operations. JBC principals, who possess an understanding of the Russian customs administration, international best practices, and implementation of customs and security technology, will ensure the security of cargo and the efficient flow of trade.
Russian Federation Customs Development Project – Appeals Management
The Russian Federation’s Federal Customs Service (FCS) recently awarded JBC International a contract to restructure that country’s appeals management process. Successful implementation of the project will promote internationally acceptable practices for processing customs clearance of goods, increase taxpayer compliance, ensure uniformity in the application of the Russian Customs Code, and provide equity and predictability throughout the dispute settlement process.
China Customs Intellectual Property Rights Training
GATE, in cooperation with JBC, has been selected by the General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China to provide 6 weeks of training related to the enforcement of intellectual property rights by customs. The training program will consist of a review of international agreements governing IPR, discussions of global best practices, and the development of a strategy to help slow the trade in counterfeit goods. GATE and JBC will attempt to develop a strategy to incorporate this training program into other customs training activities throughout the region and ensure it can be replicated within China.
China Customs Trade Capacity Building Project
In 2003, under a grant from the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA), GATE was selected to conduct training and capacity building for the General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China. The first component of this project, a series of training sessions administered to Chinese Customs officials, represented an effort to provide an overview of WTO- and WCO-recommended best practices. The second aspect, a feasibility study, gauged the current goods clearance environment in China and provided high-level recommendations for areas in which additional customs modernization efforts would yield the greatest gains. The final component of the project involved managing a visit of 10 senior officials from China Customs to various ports of entry in the United States. The aim of the visit was to view first-hand the operations of U.S. Customs and Border Protection officials throughout the country.
The Shanghai Model Port Project
Prior to Shanghai’s hosting of the 2001 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, JBC assisted the U.S. Department of Commerce in the creation of a joint U.S.-China project that became known as the Shanghai Model Port Project (SMPP). JBC assisted at the policy level in the development of the SMPP project goals and deliverables as well as in the creation of the stakeholder group. Working with the U.S. National Center for APEC, JBC assisted in the communications between China’s General Administration of Customs and the multinational stakeholder membership. At the conclusion of the program in 2001, the National Center for APEC withdrew and passed complete management of the SMPP stakeholders to JBC and the Global Alliance for Trade Efficiency.
Asian Development Bank
JBC International works closely with representatives from the Asian Development Bank, regularly sharing information with decision-makers. Our staff provides assistance to ADB analysts and economists as they attempt to identify trade facilitation and customs-related projects that may be suitable for funding throughout the region. Particular emphasis has been on projects in China, Mongolia, Southeast Asia, and Central Asia, including Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and the Kyrgyz Republic.
The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
JBC International provides policy advice and is a regular speaker at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meetings. JBC participates with in Subcommittee on Customs Procedures for developing country action plans, and participated in the Shanghai accord on customs modernization.

Africa

Mali Transportation Study
In 2004, JBC staff completed a study of the transportation costs of Malian commodities. The USAID-funded study included meeting and interviewing micro-, small-, and medium-sized enterprises (MSME) involved in the production and transportation of Malian goods. The project recommendations included policy matters to be addressed by the Malian Government, competitiveness suggestions for the MSMEs, and general business practice improvements.

The Americas

Operation Safe Commerce
With responsibility for the technical assessments for the Program Management Team for the Port Authority of New York/New Jersey in Operation Safe Commerce, JBC staff evaluated the effectiveness of the supply chain management practices of the foreign host-country participants. This evaluation included:
  1. Reviewing procurement, manufacture, delivery, storage, and shipment of a wide variety of goods, including consumer goods, aircraft sub-assemblies, chemical products, and food products.
  2. Evaluating supply chain management practices for conformity with recognized international and U.S. standards.
  3. Evaluating security (perimeter security) of ports, factories, and warehouses; security of in-transit trucking, rail, and maritime transport; and security of data and personnel.
  4. Conducting vulnerability assessments for each node in the supply chain by:
    1. Identifying all partners in the supply chain (factories, trucking, rail, and maritime companies, warehouses, container terminals, loading operations, port facilities, ocean vessels);
    2. Creating a process flow map of the interaction of supply chain partners;
    3. Conducting a vulnerability assessment of the entire design-to-delivery product flow for each step in the supply chain; and,
    4. Identifying and implementing solutions to mitigate risks
JBC also evaluated the Supply Chain Event Management Systems for six different international supply chains. These included variations of commercial off-the-shelf systems and custom designed systems for end-to-end supply chain management. Designs included site-specific programs and centralized remote data centers receiving input via cellular and satellite transmission.

The current stage of Operation Safe Commerce involves the examination of two supply chains and the development of container security solutions for large volumes of containers shipped to the Port of New York/New Jersey. While the number of supply chains has decreased from the earlier phase, the number of containers analyzed has increased.
The Automated Commercial Environment
In 1999, U.S. President Clinton submitted a budget to Congress that contained no funding to replace the aging U.S. Customs Automated Commercial System (ACS). Created in the 1970’s, ACS was incapable of supporting the increasing amount of goods imported into the United States. At times, ACS would experience brownouts that brought the clearance of goods to a halt at land border crossings and in ports. JBC worked in the following two separate capacities to rectify this problem:
International Electronic Trade Steering Committee
JBC developed and led the International Electronic Trade Steering Committee (IETSC), a coalition of companies and associations that provided advice to the U.S. Customs Service as it worked to outline the functionalities of a modernized automation system called the Automated Commercial Environment (ACE). The IETSC provided high-level recommendations on the new system’s needs from the perspectives of international businesses. The IETSC’s efforts proved overwhelmingly successful, as their input heavily influenced the final shape and scope of ACE according to the needs of the trade community.
Coalition for Customs Automation Funding
Recognizing the need for significant funding, JBC also created and managed the Coalition for Customs Automation Funding (CCAF), which for two years joined U.S. Customs with the trade community to obtain the federal funds necessary to build the ACS replacement, the Automated Commercial Environment (ACE). While lobbying for funding, the CCAF members and representatives for U.S. Customs met regularly to discuss the functionality of ACE and to determine the business and customs needs of the new, modern system. Two years after its creation, CCAF celebrated the appropriation of $1.3 billion for the development of ACE.
The U.S. Customs Modernization Act
Throughout the Customs Modernization Act, JBC managed the Joint Industry Group (JIG), a stakeholder coalition of Fortune 500 companies, law firms, trade associations, brokers, shippers, carriers, financial institutions and freight forwarders who shared an interest in modernizing the U.S. Customs Service (now Customs and Border Protection). The Modernization Act created a partnership between customs and trade that has facilitated the change of many archaic customs procedures and promoted uniformity and transparency to increase taxpayer compliance with U.S. customs regulations. JBC’s management of JIG is ongoing.
The North American Free Trade Agreement
JBC staff members participated as policy consultants to the U.S. Government during the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) negotiations and were instrumental in helping author the agreement. As a result, JBC representatives continue to serve as policy consultants in the development of global and regional trade agreements.

Global

The World Bank
In 2005, the World Bank hired JBC International to produce explanatory notes on various trade facilitation techniques for use by policymakers from developing countries. These notes have been posted on the World Bank Global Facilitation Partnership for Transportation and Trade (GFPTT) web page and made available to developing countries and the general public.
International Trade Consulting for the Agriculture Sector
JBC International's team of trade consultants monitors, reviews, and lobbies for open access to developed and emerging markets. Utilizing a combination of experience, knowledge, and a vast network of professional contacts, our team develops strategic initiatives for the short-term troubleshooting and the long-term removal of onerous barriers to agricultural trade. The actions required to address trade barriers are unique and specific to each country and each barrier. However, we pride ourselves on our ability to use sound science, regulatory cooperation, and focused diplomacy to alleviate barriers to trade for our clients and the industries they represent.

As an example of this experience, JBC International has, for more than 16 years, represented the California Wine Institute and the California Association of Wine Grape Growers on International Affairs and Trade Policy. Over these years, JBC International has played an integral role in the value of US wine exports increasing from USD 30 million in the early 1980's to the near USD 1 billion that it now represents.
Threat Assessment
As part of the scope of work for an ongoing project, JBC conducted vulnerability assessments of the entire design-to-delivery product flow for each step in multi-modal supply chains. These included valuing assets, evaluating threat data, and examining the potential loss impact. There was a focus on physical security; in-transit security; personnel security; and data security. Conducting tests and prototype evaluations of the proposed solutions were also included in these vulnerability assessments. The tests were designed to examine the availability and reliability of technology solutions; the accuracy, accessibility, and compatibility of IT systems; and the effectiveness of solutions in closing security gaps. JBC has conducted these assessments in Brazil, the United Kingdom, Turkey and Pakistan, including an evaluation for the Boeing Company.
Security Implementation Plans
JBC has been involved in the identification and evaluation of all actors in a transportation system for security purposes. In order to prevent unauthorized material or personnel from being injected into the system, JBC presented recommendations to the owners of the individual parts of the system. These recommendations were developed after identifying and evaluating solutions that included: commercial-off-the-shelf technologies for screening, security, monitoring, tracking, and detection; new technologies in advanced stages of development; improvements in existing data-collection, sharing agreements, and software; and process changes to improve efficiency and reduce windows of vulnerability. Finally, JBC staff performed costs-benefit analyses of solution options, including an evaluation of return on investment, using a specially designed tool developed by a strategic partner of JBC International. JBC has been conducting these security evaluations in numerous overseas markets, including Turkey, Pakistan, and Brazil.
Y2K Supply Chain Study
In 1999 and 2000 JBC staff completed a study used by the private sector and the U.S. Government of over 100 countries and their capabilities to continue port, customs and transportation services in the face of the potential failure of computers in their information technology systems.
Country Specific Consultations
In an effort to share JBC’s experiences and greater understand the specific challenges faced by individual customs administrations throughout the world, JBC principals regularly meet with customs and trade officials from numerous countries. As modernization and reform drives are undertaken in these areas, JBC provides lessons learned from other parts of the world and offers advice regarding the advancement of these programs. Specific countries of interest include: Mongolia, Vietnam, China, Russia, Thailand, Mali, Tajikistan, and the Kyrgyz Republic.
World Customs Organization
In 1977, JBC’s CEO, James Clawson, was appointed to a five-year term as the Assistant Secretary General of the Customs Cooperation Council (CCC), now known as the World Customs Organization (WCO). During his tenure with the CCC, Mr. Clawson directed the negotiations and writing of the Harmonized Tariff System (HTS), the World Trade Organization (WTO) Value Agreement, and finalization of the Kyoto Convention on Customs Procedures. As a globally recognized expert in customs policy and technique, Mr. Clawson continues to participate in high-level policy meetings as a consultant to the U.S. Government, foreign governments, and the WCO. Mr. Clawson currently participates in the WCO’s Harmonized System High Level Working Group in Brussels, Belgium. Jason Clawson, the President of JBC International, participates regularly with and speaks before the WCO Customs Security Working Group.

JBC staff is involved with the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the World Bank, and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) in implementation by the private sector of instruments developed by those organizations.
 
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